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## ekShiksha : Privacy Setting

# Can You Share?

## How Many in Each Group?

There are 10 butterflies.

They are in 2 groups.

There are 5 butterflies in each group.

There arecaterpillars.

They are in groups.

There arecaterpillars in each group.

There areladdoos.

They are in groups.

There are laddoos in each group.

Draw 18 stars.

Put them into 2 equal groups.

There arestars in each group.

Draw 18 beads.

Put them into 3 equal groups

There are beads in each group.

## Share The Grains

Mummy bird brings 12 grains.

How to distribute equally?

Mummy bird starts by giving 1 grain to each baby.

Then Mummy bird gives one more grain to each baby.

Each baby has got 2 grains now. How many grains are left?

She puts one more grain in each babys mouth.

All the grains are finished.

12 grains have been divided among 4 baby birds.

Each baby has got 3 grains.

12 ÷ 4 = 3

## Try These Now.......

Gopu has 3 plates of jalebis.

Each plate has a different number of jalebis.

Now draw the jalebis on the plates below, so that each plate has the same number of jalebis.

How many jalebis are there altogether?

How many jalebis are there in each plate?

Discuss in the class how you found the answer.

## Sharing them Equally

X# Here are six bananas.

Here are three monkeys.

If they share the bananas equally, each monkey will get two bananas.

6 bananas divided into 3 equal parts = 2 bananas each

6 ÷ 3 = 2

If there are six bananas

and two monkeys,

each monkey will get three bananas.

Six bananas ÷ 2 = 3 bananas each

6 ÷ 2 = 3

Give children the experience of sharing things equally and writing corresponding division statements. |

If there are 60 bananas and two monkeys, how many will each monkey get?bananas.

Five friends found 10 five-rupee coins on the ground.

They shared them equally. Each friend got ten rupees.

50 ÷ 5 = 10

If there are 16 ten-rupee notes and four friends to share, then

16 ÷ 4 = and 4 × 10 = 40

so each friend gets rupees.

Five friends found Rs 100. If they share it equally, how much will each get?

Hari Prashad has 30 metres of rope.

He distributes it equally among his three children.

Each child getsmetres of rope.

If there is 36 metres of rope, how much of rope will each child get?

And if there is 60 metres of rope, how much will each child get?

## How Many Shelves?

I have 20 books. I can keep 5 books in one shelf, so how many shelves do I need in my almirah?

Five books in the first shelf. 15 books are left.

5 more books in the second shelf.

10 books are left.

5 more books in the third shelf.

5 books are left.

5 more books in the fourth shelf.

20 books have filled up 4 shelves of the almirah.

20 books put into equal groups of 5 each take 4 shelves.

On this and the following page, division is done by making equal groups. For instance,
here equal groups of 5 books each have been made. This process is different from sharing them equally (by distributing them into 4 shelves). |

Now let us try this.

Here are 28 buttons.

A tailor puts 4 buttons on one shirt.

So now there are 7 shirts with buttons.

28 ÷ 4 = 7

If there are 28 buttons, and the tailor puts 7 buttons on each shirt, there will beshirts with buttons.

28 ÷ 7 =

## JUMPY ANIMALS

A frog jumps 2 steps at a time.

A squirrel jumps 3 steps

A rabbit jumps 5 steps.

A horse jumps 15 steps.

A kangaroo jumps 30 steps.

### Use the path on the next page to find out:

In how many jumps will the frog reach 30?

30 ÷ 2 =In how many jumps will the squirrel reach 27?

27 ÷ 3 =Which number will the kangaroo reach in two jumps?

Who all will meet at the number 15?

Will the rabbit ever be at the number 18?

How many jumps of the rabbit equal one jump of the horse?

How many jumps of the horse equals two jumps of the kangaroo?

Which is the smallest number where the frog and the squirrel will meet?

## How Quick Are You?

Divide into groups of 2 using 2 times table

18 ÷ 2 |
= | 9 | Hint: 2 x 9 = 18 |

18 ÷ 9 |
= | 2 | |

16 ÷ 2 | = | ||

20 ÷ 2 |
= | ||

÷ 2 |
= | 7 | |

÷ 2 | = | 10 | |

8 ÷ |
= | 4 | |

÷ 2 |
= | 5 |

Divide into groups of 5 using 5 times table.

10 ÷ 5 |
= | Hint: 5 x 2 = ? | |

20 ÷ |
= | 4 | |

15 ÷ 5 |
= | ||

40 ÷ |
= | 8 | |

20 ÷5 |
= | ||

÷ 5 |
= | 6 | |

25 ÷ 5 |
= | ||

÷ 5 |
= | 3 | |

35 ÷ 5 |
= | ||

÷ 5 |
= | 2 |

Divide into groups of 10 using 10 times table.

20 ÷ 10 |
= | ||

30 ÷ 10 |
= | ||

40 ÷ 10 |
= | ||

50 ÷ 10 |
= | ||

40 ÷ |
= | 4 | |

÷ 10 |
= | 8 | |

÷ 10 |
= | 5 | |

÷ 10 |
= | 3 | |

÷ 10 |
= | 2 | |

60 ÷ |
= | 4 |

Encourage children to explore the use of multiplication facts for division through mental computation |

### Try These

4 ÷ |
= | 2 | |

14 ÷ 7 |
= | ||

6 ÷ 3 |
= | ||

÷ 2 |
= | 7 | |

÷ 2 |
= | 3 | |

15 ÷ 3 |
= | ||

8 ÷ 4 |
= | ||

15 ÷ 5 |
= | ||

8 ÷ |
= | 4 | |

÷ 2 |
= | 8 |

9 ÷ 3 |
= | ||

18 ÷ 9 |
= | ||

÷ 2 |
= | 5 | |

20 ÷ 5 |
= | ||

12 ÷ 4 |
= | ||

20 ÷ 4 |
= | ||

12 ÷ |
= | 2 |