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# 6. The Junk Seller

Have you ever met a *Kabariwali* – a woman who sells junk? This is a true story told by Kiran who has a junk shop in Patna.

I studied in a Hindi medium school in my village. My father wanted girls to study like boys. I loved Hindi and Science, but I hated Maths! Today Maths is most useful for my work. I could never imagine this in school

What about you? Do you also find Maths difficult?

What is the most difficult thing in your Maths book?_______

What do you think is the easiest lesson? ________

When I was young, my father died in an accident. So my mother worked as a servant in some houses. We had a difficult time. I had to leave school after Class VIII. I wanted to study more but my mother got me married. My husband's family lived in a mud house. His two brothers and his sister did not go to school. He had a tea stall.

**Find out: how much for a cup of tea?**Ask people and find out the cost of a cup of tea

- at a tea stall ____________
- at a hotel ________________

I thought of starting my own business. I thought I should open a bangle shop or a tailor shop. But my uncle said that we could earn a lot by opening a junk shop. In 2001, my mother-in-law and I opened a junk shop.We took a loan of Rs 8000 for the shop.

**Find out: what is a loan?**- Have you ever heard of someone taking a loan ? For what? _________
- How much loan was taken? ____________
- How much money was paid back? ____________

Hariya and Babu want to buy a handcart for Rs 300.

Who has to pay back more – Hariya or Babu?

People laughed and teased us about our work. They called it. ganda kaam or 'dirty business'. But I did not think so. I knew this idea would work

Now we have a pucca house with electricity.We have a fridge, a TV and a gas stove. My husband's brothers, sister and also my daughter go to school.

I have 9 rickshaws of my own. I give the rickshaws on rent, each for Rs 20 a day. On Sundays I do not take any money for them.

**How Much does Kiran Earn from 9 Rickshaws in a Day?**

For 1 rickshaw she gets Rs 20 per day.

So, for 9 rickshaws she will earn Rs

How did you do it?

Encourage children to use their own strategies to solve such problems. There should be discussion on how they arrived at their answers

- How much will Kiran pay for 42 kg newspaper?
- Also find the cost of:

a) 22 kg of plastic

b) 23 kg of waste paper

c) 12 kg of iron

Can you do this without writing?

### Smart Kiran Sells the Junk

Kiran sells her junk to a big shop. She checks the prices on her mobile phone and sells only when she gets a good price.

Today she has gone to sell plastic, newspaper, iron and brass at Dinu's big shop.

Dinu weighs 32 kg iron, 4 kg brass, 152 kg newspaper, 63 kg plastic.

*A.How much will Dinu pay for 63 kg plastic?*The rate of 1 kg plastic is Rs 12. So the cost of 63 kg plastic will be Rs 12 X 63.

Remember, you used boxes to multiply two numbers in Class III.

So, for 63 kg plastic, Dinu will give Rs 756.

- Kiran bought 1 kg plastic for Rs 10, but sold 1 kg plastic for Rs 12. How much money does she earn on selling 1 kg plastic? Rs

So, how much money does she earn for 63 kg? Rs

*B. Kiran sells 32 kg iron*- How much money will Dinu pay for 32 kg iron?
- Kiran buys 1 kg iron for Rs 12, but sells it for Rs 14.

How much does she earn when she sells 32 kg iron? Rs

*C What will Dinu pay for 152 kg newspaper?*The rate of 1 kg newspaper is Rs 6. So the cost of 152 kg newspaper is Rs 6 X 152.

Dinu writes:

Then he adds the numbers in the boxes:

So, for 152 kg newspaper he will give Kiran Rs 912

*D. What does Dinu pay for brass?*How much money will Dinu pay for 4 kg brass?

First guess the answer and then calculate:

a) 37 X 18 = e) 142 X 5 =

b) 45 X 24 = f) 382 X 3 =

c) 69 X 52 = g) 2 X 175 =

d) 77 X 55 = h) 4 X 206 =

## Fill My Diary

Kiran bought some junk from the junk collectors. She paid them Rs 841. She sold the junk at Dinu's big shop and Dinu gave her these notes and coins.

Kiran wrote the record in her diary.

Later she paid Rs 919 to the junk collectors. When she sold the junk she got these notes and coins from Dinu.