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Give and Take

Give and Take

Kinnaree sells beads in the bazar. She sells loose beads and necklaces of beads and 10 beads each.

Razia wants 12 beads. So Kinnaree gives her one necklace and two loose beads.

Now you find how many necklaces and loose beads the other children take.


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Encourage children to make groups of 10 using materials like beads, matchsticks, buttons etc. These concrete experiences will help develop their understanding.


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Practice Time

  • How many beads are taken by Razia and Sonu?

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    beads are taken by Razia and Sonu.

One Extra Necklace


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Add by writing and also without writing

How many beads do they have together?


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  • 17 + 35 =
  • 24 + 12 =
  • 35 - 24 = Sonu has more beads than Aarif.
  • 24 - 12 = Aarif has more beads than Razia.

How many more beads does Simar have than Reema?


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Practice Time: Also do it in your mind

  • Tanisha has 17 pencils. Siya has 25 pencils. How many pencils are there in all?

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  • In Muneeza's class, there are 13 English story books and 22 Hindi story books. How many story books are there in all?

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  • Sakshi had 23 fruits. She ate 15 fruits. How many fruits are left?

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  • Daljeet has 35 marbles. Arvind has 25 marbles. How many marbles do they have in all?

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  • Nisha has 32 bangles. Sukhi has 16 bangles. How many more bangles does Nisha have?

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  • 23 + 28 :
  • 15 + 8 :
  • 25 + 18 :
  • 27 + 15 :

In this chapter, the standard algorithms for addition and subtraction have been explained using some examples. However, it should be emphasised that learning only algorithms does not help to develop children`s conceptual understanding of the operations. For this, it is important to give them many word problems and encourage them to find out alternative ways to solve them.


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I will get back rupees.

Children should draw and make their own play money. They could be given different exercises and games which involve simple calculations.

Practice Time

  • Shekhar has 32 rupees. He bought a ball for 17 rupees. How much money is left with him?

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  • Soni bought biscuits for 24 rupees and a packet of chips for 16 rupees. How much money will she pay?

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  • Fantoosh had 64 rupees. He spent 39 rupees at the fair. How much money is left with him?

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